Pipe scaling refers to the build up of rust and minerals in the inner walls of your drain or sewer lines. Some of the most common minerals that accumulate naturally over time are calcium carbonate and magnesium, which create a scaly residue that occupies the majority of your pipe’s drain flow real estate. Once your pipes are lined with a thick, jagged layer of buildup, they begin to capture and amass additional waste that flows down through your drains. This in turn eventually leads to blockage which prevents draining all together.

Cast iron pipes are more susceptible to severe scaling because their inner walls become coated with not only calcium and magnesium salts but also iron oxide. While some slight scaling can actually be considered beneficial because a coat of harmless minerals such as calcium and magnesium acts as a barrier against corrosion, iron oxide is essentially rust that does the exact opposite and leads to pipe deterioration.

Descaling is a pipe rehabilitating procedure which restores old cast-iron pipes to promote effective drainage and a working condition. Here’s how it’s done! 

The pipe descaling process

Descaling is a non-invasive method of removing the dense, rusty scales that have accumulated inside cast-iron pipes over time, through the use of professional descaling equipment. The tool used specifically for this purpose consists of a metal rod with a chain link attachment. This attachment sends the chain link head spinning, using centrifugal force to keep it centered inside the pipe to thoroughly clear the inside of your drain or sewer line of any buildup, without compromising the pipe’s integrity. It’s also designed to provide extra protection for descaling cracked or damaged lines.

Paired with a hydro-jetting rod that sends high-pressure water blasting, keeping the chain link attachment lubricated, this process scrapes off mineral buildup and flushes it out at the same time, leaving your pipe looking and working like new. This equipment includes attachments for all types of pipes making this fully adaptable and suitable for any descaling job. 

Pipe descaling is often performed as a means to prepare your pipe for a epoxy brush coat. Epoxy is a chemical compound which we use to coat and infuse the inner walls of your pipes. This in turn provides waterproofing, strength and durability. Once cured, the epoxy coat is three times as strong as concrete and can withstand up to 10,000 PSI meaning that high pressure water will not disturb its integrity. While the descaling process is a lengthy process, epoxy brush coating is performed much faster and can usually be done in one day, depending on the state of your pipes.

Cast-iron pipes usually began to show signs of severe mineral buildup after being used regularly anywhere from 35-50 years. After we implement a thorough pipe-rehabilitating descaling and epoxy brush coating process to an old cast-iron drain or sewer pipe it can gain another 35-50 years of use! This extends the life of your drain and sewer lines which helps home and business owners alike, avoid costly drain replacements. 

Descaling can be a very tedious process of filing away mineral buildup, hydro-jetting away any loose particles, video inspecting to ensure quality of work and applying a fresh coat of epoxy lining. The results, however, are well worth it as the combination of hydro-jetting, descaling and epoxy brush coating is a non-invasive, trenchless method that vastly improves the condition and efficiency of your drain and sewer lines for a very long time! 

This process does take patience, skill and knowledge of a trained and experienced professional. Call us today to make an appointment or for a free estimate and remember that for plumbing emergencies, we are at your service 24/7. 

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A clogged drain can quickly become a nuisance in your home or business. The plumbing professionals at VIP Sewer and Drains Services are here to address your drain cleaning questions, from preventative steps to help avoid clogs, to what to do in the event of a back-up.Whether you are looking for at-home preventive drain cleaning tips, or you need solutions to your drain cleaning problems, let us help. While some drain issues can be handled on your own, many need the assistance of a plumbing professional. In the event of a drain emergency, VIP Sewer and Drain Services is here, 24/7, when you need service most.

With cleansers, fats, oil, and sustenance going down your kitchen deplete, the inward dividers of your kitchen funnels can without much of a stretch be stopped up with development, bringing on an undesirable blockage. In the event that your channel is running moderate or is essentially stopped up, you know who to call. We have the most recent apparatuses and innovation to give powerful deplete cleaning administrations that will reestablish your pipes framework and take solace and accommodation back to your home.

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drain line repair

Homeowners can often fix drain clogs themselves if the problem is confined to specific fixtures such as a sink drain or a toilet. However, when all drains are affected — or when you see warning signs, such as water going down one drain and backing up in another — that generally means the main drain is clogged.

If it’s a blockage from something flushed down a toilet, clear the drain by using a plumber’s auger or snake. However, in older neighborhoods, the cause may be tree roots. Older sewer lines were made from fired clay and as they age and weaken the tree roots creep in. Drain experts are often able to bore through the roots and clear the drain, but in many cases the original drain pipe has become so deteriorated that the new passageway eventually collapses. When this happens the drain line usually needs to be replaced.When lines become clogged and damages occur, in the majority of cases, the homeowners’ responsibility begins at the connection point to the city sewer system and includes the lateral lines and all drain plumbing in the home. Any maintenance, repairs and unclogging of these lines must be done by the homeowner, often with the help of a plumbing service.

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Epoxy brush coating is a new method of restoring and rehabilitation for sewer lines and drain pipes. This pipe renovation technology is spreading fast throughout the States and for good reason! Here is what you should know about epoxy brush coating.

What is Epoxy Brush Coating

Epoxy is a chemical compound which can be used to coat and infuse various materials. This in turn provides waterproofing, strength and durability. Once the epoxy coating cures and hardens, it can be used as an adhesive or filler. 

There are different forms of epoxy, geared towards different uses and needs, however the one used for plumbing purposes, creates a coat around your pipes. This coat fills pinholes, cracks and corrosion, making this an alternative method to pipe replacement, extending the life of your current drain pipes.

How it’s applied

Before the epoxy coating is applied, your pipe is cleaned and descaled to ensure the epoxy coat will go on smoothly and stick evenly to your pipe’s walls. 

Once your pipes are ready, this method utilizes equipment which includes a set of brushes that spin around the inside of your pipe, pushing the epoxy resin out onto the pipe walls. With an attached video camera, a professional plumber can monitor the process, to make sure that an even and complete layer is applied and all the nooks and crannies are sealed. 

Pros of Epoxy Brush Coating

It’s trenchless. Epoxy brush coating can be performed without digging up your sewer line or drain pipes making it a simple, fast and practical method of pipe restoring.  

It’s adaptable. Epoxy brush coating can be used to coat an entire pipe or just a small section, depending on the problem at hand. This new method of epoxy brush coating is also able to coat any diameter of pipe, meaning it can be used on a pipe which is too small or too big for traditional lining methods. 

It’s safe to use. Epoxy coating is NSF certified meaning it complies with specific and high standards for safety, quality, sustainability or performance. It is safe to use on any types of pipes, whether it’s a sewer line, a gas pipe, an oil pipe or a drinking water pipe. It is also suitable for pipes made of concrete, PVC, fiberglass, clay, cast-iron and ductile.

It’s quick. Epoxy brush coating is a fast process which can usually be done in one day, depending on the state of your pipes. The epoxy is fast-curing so your pipes will be back in service within three to eight hours.

It’s durable. Once cured, the epoxy coat is three times as strong a s concrete and can withstand up to 10,000 PSI meaning that high pressure water will not disturb its integrity. 

Cons of Epoxy Brush Coating

It’s not suitable for all pipe problems. While this method of pipe rehabilitation will solve many plumbing related problems, it’s not a solution for all. For example, a pipe heavily damaged by tree roots, will not be restored with an epoxy coating and will need replacing. 

It’s not a DIY project. Because applying an epoxy coating is not suitable in every situation, it’s important to have a professional plumber perform an inspection and clean your pipes thoroughly before the coat is applied. Knowledge and proper training is also essential to use the necessary equipment properly, allow for appropriate curing time and verify the amount of coats required for your specific drain system. 

Epoxy brush coating is a safe and effective alternative to pipe replacement and can greatly extend the lifetime of your drain system if done properly by a professional. Our licensed and trained experts are ready to assist you with your drain needs. Call VIP Drain Service to make an appointment today and remember that for plumbing emergencies we are available 24/7. 

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hydro jetting

Oftentimes, drain lines can become clogged with grease or other hard to clean out substances, such as sand or sludge. A Hydro Jetter may be the solution, and VIP Sewer and Drain Services can help. Hydro Jetting is a non-invasive and efficient method of cleaning out your drain pipes or sewer line. This method effectively loosens debri, scale buildup and even resolves tree root infiltration.

Hydro-Jetting is a superior method of drain cleaning because it uses high velocity water pressure to break up clogs, and blast away years of accumulated scale, silt, sand, roots and grease build-up on the inside walls of your pipes. Because it cleans your pipe from all angels, Hydro-Jetting aids in the prevention of another clog forming in the future.

Because Hydro-Jetting uses nothing but water, it is environmentally friendly, if properly performed by a professional.

Though Hydro Jetting is an economical and effective method of clearing clogs, if not performed properly it can cause further problems in your plumbing system or result in the consumption of more water than necessary. Therefore Hydro Jetting should be left for the hands and expertise of a professional. This is where we come in.

Our trained and licensed professionals will be able to:

1. Establish the exact location and severity of your problem.
2. Identify any weak spots in the plumbing system that may not be able to withstand the blast of high pressure water.
3. Decipher which nozzle and PSI level is appropriate for the job.

Because Hydro Jetting does such a thorough and effective job of clearing pipes, it can actually keep your pipes clean for several years, reducing your costs over time. It does two jobs in one, unclogging and cleaning your pipe which helps tremendously in the upkeep and maintenance of your plumbing system. hydro jetting

Though Hydro-Jetting is often used in commercial plumbing, if performed correctly it can be beneficial to Orange County homeowners alike.

Here at VIP Drain Services we have over 25 years of experience in the plumbing industry and take pride in our workmanship, professionalism, integrity, honesty and dedication. Call us for a free estimate, book an appointment and know that for any plumbing emergencies we are available 24/7.

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Water Leak Signs and Causes

Water leaks are one of the most common plumbing issues, but if left untreated they can lead to severe problems not just to your plumbing system but to your property in general. 

leak detectionCommon signs of a hidden water leak include:

  1. Stained, damaged or sagging walls, ceiling or floors. 
  2. Mold or mildew
  3. A sudden jump in your water bill
  4. Peeling or blistering paint or wallpaper
  5. A lingering, musty smell 

Water leaks can be caused by many factors. Rapid temperature drops, root infestation, broken seals, clogged pipes or regular wear and tear can all contribute and cause your pipes to leak. Another factor that will determine your likelihood of detecting a water leak on your property is the type of pipes that are installed. The three most common types of pipes are: CPVC, Copper and PEX piping. 

CPVC – or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, are plastic pipes that are excellent at withstanding high temperatures (they are fire resistant) and are a cost effective solution. They are non-toxic, resistant to chemicals and formation of biofilms, keeping your water purity intact.

PEX – Cross-linked polyethylene is light weight and easy to install, making it a cost-effective solution. This material is more durable and has become a standard when it comes to house repiping. PEX piping is available in a variety of lengths, from short 10-foot pieces (for small repairs) to rolls over 500 feet long, which are used to install a home’s entire water supply system. PEX piping is color coded which makes it very easy to identify what the specific pipe is used for. 

  • Red PEX pipe carries hot water.
  • Blue PEX pipe carries cold water.
  • White + Gray PEX pipe can be used for either hot or cold water.

PEX piping is very flexible making it significantly easier to install than CPVC or Copper piping. With the correct fittings, PEX piping can be connected with existing lines. Because this material can expand it is more resistant to freeze-cracking and it does not corrode. 

The only draw-back of PEX piping is that it is sensitive to UV rays, making it non-suitable for outdoor use. 

leak detectionCopper – Copper piping has been used for domestic water supply for over 50 years and is the most popular material for plumbing systems. Since 1963, over 5.3 million miles of copper plumbing tube has been installed in about 80 percent of all U.S. buildings. It is easy to use, resistant to corrosion and permeation by liquids and gases, which may be sources of corrosion and contamination. However, changes in water chemistry, unrelated to water quality, have caused the water to become aggressive towards the copper piping making it susceptible to pinhole leaks. 

What are Pinhole Leaks

The State of California Task Force to Study Pinhole Leaks in Copper Plumbing defines a copper pinhole leak as “the perforation of copper tube, pipe or fittings used for domestic water distribution as the result of pitting corrosion initiated on the interior/waterside surface with the subsequent leakage of water.”

Internal pitting corrosion of copper pipes is a rare but costly problem that leads to the formation of pinhole leaks. Although the factors that cause this problem are mostly unknown, many professionals recognize that the chemistry of the water traveling through the pipes can influence the formation and propagation of pits.

A pinhole leak is a final breakthrough event of the progressive attack of pitting corrosion on copper water plumbing. A copper water plumbing system can be in a condition of having significant damage by pitting corrosion, but not have pinhole leaks. The challenge is how to discover pitting corrosion before pinhole leaks develop.

Although pinhole leaks could happen in any copper pipe or tube within a house, the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) reported that the majority of pinhole leaks that their customers had reported were in cold-water, horizontal copper piping. Most of the leaks were in older homes, and 80 percent of the reports involved homes built prior to 1970.

Water Leak Detection and Repair

The best way to tackle a leaky pipe is by detecting it as early as possible. Today, most homes are built on concrete slab foundations which can make it quite difficult to detect a water leak at an early stage. Drywall will absorb moisture so stains caused by a water leak will take time to show up. But if you’ve noticed your water bill skyrocketed and you suspect a water leak in your home, you don’t have to tear up your property to get to your pipes and check them for leaks. 

Here at VIP Sewer and Drain services we use thermal cameras to find hot water line leaks in your walls and Electronic Leak Detection equipment which makes it possible to pinpoint the location of a leak underneath your slab foundation. How? Water leaks, even very small ones, create some amount of noise with different sound frequencies determined by the pressure in the pipes. So even if you can’t hear it, an electronic leak detector can pick up these frequencies making it possible to detect a link in toilets, drains, water systems, pipes that transport steam or other liquids, such as oil.

Whole House Repipe

Unfortunately the pipes in your plumbing system do not last forever. Replacing sections of your pipes that seem to be the cause of constant problems may seem tempting. However, continuous patch up work can quickly add up and the reality may be that your home or business simply needs a whole repipe. 

As we’ve mentioned above, PEX piping has become the standard for whole house repiping. You can expect to pay 60 – 70% less by choosing PEX over Copper piping. Not only is the actual material more cost-effective, it will take much less time to install, saving you costs on labor. On average a repipe can take as little as several days and up to a week, depending on your current plumbing system and the size of your property. 

A house repipe can seem like a major hassle and it’s no secret that this is a big job that should be left to the capable hands of professionals who are not only experienced but also insured, and we guarantee high quality work. 

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We are more than happy to give advice on which solution is most suitable for your needs. Why not ask us to view your property and discuss the various options with you now. Our advice is free!

Pipe bursting is a Trench-less method of replacing buried pipelines (such as sewer, water, or natural gas pipes) without the need for a traditional construction trench. “Launching and receiving pits” replace the trench needed by conventional pipe-laying.Pipe bursting conventionally involves the insertion of a cone shaped bursting head into an old pipe. The base of the cone is larger than the inside diameter of the old pipe and slightly larger than the outside diameter of the new pipe to reduce friction and to provide space for maneuvering the pipe. The back end of the bursting head is connected to the new Polyethylene (PE) pipe and the front end is attached to a cable or pulling rod. The new pipe and bursting head are launched from the insertion shaft and the cable or pulling rod is pulled from the pulling shaft, as shown in Figure 1. The bursting head receives energy to break the old pipe from one of the following sources: a pulling cable or rod, a hydraulic source, or an air compressor. The energy breaks the old pipe into pieces and expands the diameter of the cavity. As the bursting head is pulled through the old pipe debris, it creates a bigger cavity through which the new pipe is simultaneously pulled from the insertion shaft.

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Sewer and Drain ReliningRelining in the context of sewer rehabilitation can be defined as the process of repairing a damaged sewer pipeline by inserting a liner coated with resins that is expanded into the damaged pipe to create a lining within the pipe.

The Process

A resin-saturated felt tube made of polyester, fibreglass cloth or any of a number of other materials suitable for resin impregnation, is inserted or pulled into a damaged pipe. It is usually done from the upstream access point (manhole or excavation). It is possible to insert the liner upstream (e.g. from the downstream access point) but this carries greater risk. It is possible to install a liner from the downstream access point, upstream to a blind end; however, this carries the highest risk of all the CIPP installation methods. CIPP is considered a trenchless technology. Little to no digging is involved in this trenchless process, making for a potentially more cost-effective and less disruptive method than traditional “dig and replace” pipe repair methods. The liner can be inserted using water or air pressure. The pressure required for insertion can be generated using pressure vessels, scaffolds or a “chip unit”. Hot water, UV light, ambient cured or steam is used to cure the resin and form a tight-fitting, jointless and corrosion-resistant replacement pipe. Service laterals are restored internally with robotically controlled cutting devices in the larger-diameter pipe. Smaller diameters (100 mm) can be opened remotely using smaller reinstating (reinstalling?) devices designed for small diameter pipe. The service lateral connection can be sealed with specially designed CIPP materials. The resin used is typically polyester for mainline lining and epoxy for lateral lines. Since all resins shrink (epoxy resins shrink far less than poly and vinyl ester versions) and it is impossible to bond to a sewer that has fats, oils, and grease an annular space exists between the new CIPP liner and the host pipe. The annular space exists in all installations just some are larger than others and depending on the severity may need additional rehabilitation. There are multiple ways to prevent water from tracking in the annular space and entering back into the waste stream including: water swelling material (hydrophilic), lining of the entire connection and host pipe with a continuous repair (YT repair) gaskets, and point repairs placed at the ends of the host pipe and at the lateral connections.


As a trenchless technology, CIPP does not require excavation to rehabilitate a pipeline that is either leaking or structurally unsound. Depending upon design considerations an excavation may be made, but the liner is often installed through a manhole or other existing access point. Anything larger than 60 inches must be excavated in order to install. Liner is installed as it is wet out on site in these instances. In the case of sewer lines, lateral connections are also restored without excavation via a remote controlled device that drills a hole in the liner at the point of the lateral connection. If larger than 24″ and it is safe to do so someone will reinstate laterals by hand. CIPP has a smooth interior and no joints. While CIPP can repair a pipe with bends, special design considerations must be taken into account to prevent wrinkling and stretching. CIPP can effectively reduce infiltration and leaks in pipeline systems without digging.

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A sewer camera inspection is an easy and affordable method to identify and locate any cracks, breaks, offsets or separations in your drain or sewer line. Pinpointing the exact location of any areas of concern allows us to focus and resolve only the problem at hand, instead of replacing your entire sewer line, saving you a significant amount of time and money. 

How it works

Your professionally trained VIP Sewer and Drain Services technician inserts a flexible rod with a high-resolution video camera on its tip into the pipe. The flexible rod allows the camera to travel through the pipe revealing the inside of your pipe in its entirety. The technician can then determine the condition of the inside of the pipe and understand any existing or potential problems. During sewer camera inspections, radio transmitters on the camera record the depth and physical location from the surface of any defect or obstructions to accurately diagnose and solve any drain line concerns. There is no guesswork, so your problems will be resolved quickly and cost effectively.

It is important to note that a sewer camera inspection cannot locate an actual leak in your pipe. Camera inspections are meant to reveal the inside of your drains, not what is coming out. While a camera inspection can locate cracks and breaks which can be the source of a leak, further leak detection methods will be required to verify that an actual leak does in fact exist.

When to Ask for a Sewer Camera Inspection

Sewer Camera inspections are performed routinely before and after drain cleaning services, such as hydro jetting, to establish the scope of the problem and locate any weak areas in your pipes. However you can schedule a sewer camera inspection any time you suspect there’s a build up or clog in your drain or sewer. 

A Sewer Camera inspection is also helpful when you need to locate the position of your sewer line or want to install a cleanout to have better access to your drain pipes – something we strongly recommend having. 

New Home Purchase

A sewer drain is a vital part of any property and therefore it is a good idea to request a camera sewer inspection, before purchasing a new home. Most home buyers choose to get a general home inspection before closing a contract on a new property. What many do not know is that while these general inspections include checking the condition of the framing, roof, electrical and overall plumbing of a property, most home inspections do not include an inspection of the sewer line itself. So a general home inspection may catch something like a leaky fixture or stains in drywall that could be a sign of a leak, but will more often than not omit searching for the actual root of the problem, found inside the drain system. Therefore if there is a problem in the drain system that has not created any visible symptoms inside the home, it will go unnoticed, potentially creating a serious issue shortly after you move in.

Sewer camera inspections are fairly inexpensive yet sewer repairs fall on the opposite side of the scale. Yet many home inspectors won’t consider the sewer line as the extension of your home, overlooking the opportunity to catch a potential problem. Requesting sewer camera inspection is definitely something you should add to your to-do list when searching the market for a new property. 

Whatever your specific need for a camera inspection may be, call the professionals here at VIP Sewer and Drain Services and we will gladly provide the services you require! 

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No one enjoys dealing with sewer line repairs, although sometimes they need to be done. There are many causes of why your sewer line clogs up, and having the proper access to maintain your sewer is key.

A sewer cleanout is an important part of your home’s plumbing and waste disposal system. It is a pipe with a cap that provides access to the sewer line so that blockages can be removed. The lateral sewer line connects your home to the public sewer system.

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